We analyze the samples to quantify the antibiotic residues, to investigate the (antibiotic-resistant) bacterial shifts (via both outplacement and 16S metabarcoding) and to quantify antibiotic resistance genes (via both qPCR and whole plasmidome sequencing).
Antibiotic residues, antibiotic resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes in manure, soil and plants and the potential exposure of humans
ILVO is currently working on a remarkable new control method against the Xanthomonas bacterial disease in Brussels sprout and cabbage. Bacteriophages (that is, viruses that eat bacteria) are introduced that target very specific pathogenic plant bacteria in these crops.
This protocol will be implemented and evaluated on the same farms.Cecal droppings that are collected in the first research part from both Campylobacter positive flocks and Campylobacter-free flocks are analyzed in order to determine the difference in the bacterial composition.
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